A Military History of China
Gaining an understanding of China's long and sometimes bloody history can help to shed light on China's ascent to global power. Many of China's imperial dynasties were established as the result of battle, from the chariot warfare of ancient times to the battles of the Guomindang (KMT) and Communist regimes of the twentieth century. China's ability to sustain complex warfare on a very large scale was not emulated in other parts of the world until the Industrial Age, despite the fact that the country is only now rising to economic dominance.
In A Military History of China, Updated Edition, David A. Graff and Robin Higham bring together leading scholars to offer a basic introduction to the military history of China from the first millennium B.C.E. to the present. Focusing on recurring patterns of conflict rather than traditional campaign narratives, this volume reaches farther back into China's military history than similar studies. It also offers insightful comparisons between Chinese and Western approaches to war. This edition brings the volume up to date, including discussions of the Chinese military's latest developments and the country's most recent foreign conflicts.
civilian workers in five different provinces. Utilizing 230,000 stretchers, 800,000 carts of various types, and their own backs, they moved 110,000 casualties, 342 million kilograms of food, and 3.3 million tons of ammunition.10 There is still an ongoing debate as to whether their success in mobilizing this type of civilian support was due to their organizational expertise or the allure of their land reform program, but it is an indisputable fact that their ability to evacuate their wounded and
Production and Construction Corps (created in the early 1950s) were removed from the PLA's control. Security and border defense units were transferred to the newly created paramilitary People's Armed Police (PAP). The PAP's main mission was (and is) domestic security, which, in theory, allowed the PLA to concentrate more on its external defense role. Still, the PLA retained a secondary mission of internal security, and the PAP forces assigned to each province retained an external defense role to
Mongols Qing dynasty, military organization; bureaucratization; Eight Banners; Green Standard Army Qing dynasty, transformation of military (1850–1911); adoption of foreign methods; army reforms; military-industrial complexes; new armies of; organization of; overview of; relationship to state; self-strengthening achievements; summary; threats to; weapons Qing emperors: adoption of foreign methods and; duties of; military control of Qin Jiwei Quemoy (Jinmen) Questions and Replies between
in the Yangzi valley between the states of Han, Ming, and Wu was shattered by the Ming victory over Han in 1363. The annexation of the Han territories then provided the Ming leader Zhu Yuanzhang with the resources to guarantee the conquest of Wu in 1367. And with all of the Middle and Lower Yangzi macroregions in his hands, Zhu was able to overrun most of the rest of China in 1367-1368. The civil wars that surrounded China's dynastic transitions rarely lasted more than fifteen years from the
of Taiping Control in Early 1854 10.1 China During the Warlord Period, 1916-1928 12.1 China During the War of Resistance, 1937-1945, Showing Major Railway Lines and Maximum Extent of Japanese Occupation 13.1 The Long March, 1934-1935, Showing the Route of the First Front Army 14.1 China's Military Regions in the 1970s 14.2 China's Military Regions in the 1990s 15.1 China and Its Neighbors PREFACE TO THE UPDATED EDITION It has been nearly ten years since the publication of the first