Adolf Hitler: The Definitive Biography
Pulitzer Prize-winning historian John Toland’s classic, definitive biography of Adolf Hitler remains the most thorough, readable, accessible, and, as much as possible, objective account of the life of a man whose evil effect on the world in the twentieth century will always be felt.
Toland’s research provided one of the final opportunities for a historian to conduct personal interviews with over two hundred individuals intimately associated with Hitler. At a certain distance yet still with access to many of the people who enabled and who opposed the führer and his Third Reich, Toland strove to treat this life as if Hitler lived and died a hundred years before instead of within his own memory. From childhood and obscurity to his desperate end, Adolf Hitler emerges as, in Toland’s words, “far more complex and contradictory . . . obsessed by his dream of cleansing Europe Jews . . . a hybrid of Prometheus and Lucifer.”
George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd., London. The Testament of Adolf Hitler: The Hitler-Bormann Documents, February–April 1945, edited by François Genoud and translated by R. H. Stevens. Copyright � 1959, Libraire Arthème Fayard; English edition published by Cassell & Co., Ltd. Reprinted by permission of A. D. Peters & Co., Ltd. Hitler’s Interpreter by Paul Schmidt. Copyright � 1951 by Opera Mundi, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Opera Mundi, Inc. Douze ans auprès d’Hitler: Confidences d’une
and then wrote in his diary, “His view is that, if a firm front is maintained by France and England, Germany will yield without war. We cannot accept this as a reliable estimate of a mad dictator’s reaction.” Surprisingly, this general feeling of helplessness was overridden the very next day, March 12, when the Council of the League of Nations met in London and unanimously passed a resolution condemning Germany as a treaty-breaker. This occasioned an alarmist telegram to Berlin from the three
peace.” This mood of fatalism might have been the result of deteriorating health. Although he joked with his secretaries about his right hand, which trembled so much he could no longer shave himself, he was seriously affected by a head cold which was aggravated in turn by an incessant earache. His condition was complicated a few days later by a slight feeling of pressure in his head, particularly in the brow area. His voice grew hoarse. He began complaining of stomach pains but disregarded Dr.
30 Goebbels quotes: Bramsted 20. 31 “What record must I use …” Strasser, Mein Kampf, 31. 32 Pharus Hall meeting: Heiber 51–52; Riess 33–36. 33 Goldschmidt story: Riess 36. 34 “What a miserable provincial sheet …” Ibid. 40. 35 Krebs account: Albert Krebs, Tendenzen und Gestalten der NSDAP (Stuttgart, 1959), 131ff. 36 Strasser account: Strasser, Mein Kampf, 39–41. 37 “Socialism and nationalism …” Der Angriff, Apr. 2, 1928. 38 “I immediately rang up my sister …” HSC 221. 39 On
able to breathe. “Sometimes it almost seems to me as if Hitler used a magic charm in order to win the unconditional confidence of old and young alike.” Another fascinated listener got so close he could see the spit fly under his mustache. “For us this man was a whirling dervish. But he knew how to fire up the people, not with arguments, which are never possible in hate speeches, but with the fanaticism of his whole manner, screaming and yelling, and above all by his deafening repetition, and a