Animals: From Mythology to Zoology (Discovering the Earth)
The new seven-volume Discovering the Earth set examines the efforts made by scientists in the fields of environment, environmental protection, and environmental science. Covering a broad range of topics--including the Earth sciences, atmosphere, oceans, ecology, animals, plants, and exploration--the books in this comprehensive set provide a panorama of brief accounts of particular discoveries and the people who made them. These stories explain the problems that were solved, the ways they were approached, and, in some cases, the dead ends that scientists sometimes reached. Ideal for high school and college students and particularly valuable to students of environmental studies, ecology, biology, geography, geology, and the humanities, the books in the Discovering the Earth set shed light on the way the scientific aspect of Western culture has developed. Written in clear language and requiring no mathematical knowledge, these helpful books feature sidebars where necessary to explain a particular concept as well as full-color photographs, tables, charts, and further resources.
was seeking to claim natural philosophy from the Greeks and to identify it with Roman culture. The result is a truly monumental work. Pliny gives many of the sources of his information and discusses the opinions of other authors, sometimes disagreeing with them. He describes land animals in book , marine animals in book , birds in book , and insects in book . The following extract from chapter of book , describing the behavior of bees, provides a flavor of Pliny’s style. The manner in
imported from much farther afield. At religious festivals the temple animals were paraded through the streets. Those that were tame were led on leashes, and those that could not be tamed were drawn along in cages. In parallel to the parades of temple animals, there were also showmen who specialized in wild animals as entertainment. Professional trainers prepared some animals for performances, and other animals were simply exhibited to terrify onlookers. Philosophers studying animals relied on
patrons allowed him to return to Basel to study medicine. Gessner compiled a Greek–Latin dictionary in , and this led to his appointment as professor of Greek at the Academy of Lausanne, where he also continued his studies. In he moved to the medical school at Montpellier, France, where he met Pierre Belon and Guillaume Rondelet, two of the leading natural historians of their generation. Gessner received his degree in medicine at Basel in . He then returned to the Collegium Carolinum
language. As his numbers of taps approached the correct answer, growing tension that was visible in the questioner’s body or face told Hans when to stop. The questioner was not aware of giving clues, and neither was Wilhelm von Osten, but that is what was happening. Nowadays, when an animal makes responses that are influenced by unconscious signals from a questioner it is called the Clever Hans effect. The case of Clever Hans demonstrated just how easy it was for even experienced scientists to
the subject not to be disturbed. Transmitters are now so small that they can be attached to very small animals. Animals that are too small to wear a collar can have a transmitter 179 180 ANIMALS glued to them. Collars and glue are designed to deteriorate, so that after a certain length of time they fail and fall from the animal. Radio telemetry has greatly improved the capacity for monitoring animal movements. Individuals are fitted with transmitters that emit signals detected by orbiting