China Turns to Multilateralism: Foreign Policy and Regional Security (Routledge Contemporary China)
China’s recent rapid economic growth has drawn global attention to its foreign policy, which increasingly has had an impact on world politics. In contrast with China’s long-standing preference for bilateralism or unilateralism in foreign policy, recent decades have seen changes in the PRC’s attitude and in its declaratory and operational policies, with a trend toward the accepting and advocating of multilateralism in international affairs. Whilst China’s involvement has been primarily in the economic arena, for example, participation in the World Trade Organization and ASEAN Plus Three, it has more recently expanded into international security institutions, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
This book records, analyzes, and attempts to conceptualize, this phenomenal development in Chinese foreign policy and its impact on international relations, with the emphasis on China’s active participation in multilaterally-oriented regional security regimes. Written by an impressive team of international scholars, this book is the first collective effort in the field of China studies and international relations to look at China’s recent turn to multilateralism in foreign affairs. It will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese politics and foreign policy, security studies and international relations.
there are roughly two ways of interpreting China’s more active involvement in IGOs: realism and liberalism. According to realism the nation-state finds itself in an anarchic and dangerous world in which 22 L. Dittmer its primary goal is survival, meaning that security considerations will always have highest foreign-policy priority. If a given state perceives itself to be threatened by the power of another state it may either invest to upgrade its defense capabilities or form an alliance with
The approach adopted here is a foreign-policy learning perspective, according to which China’s perspective has shifted over time from realism to a form of self-interested idealism not inconsistent with realist premises. Learning has sometimes been led by ideological or rhetorical change, while sometimes behavioural modification has preceded doctrinal adjustments. The political science literature on learning sometimes distinguishes between instrumental and cognitive learning, and if we adopt that
multilateral, and regional armscontrol grows and the demands for expertise increase. The China Arms Control and Disarmament Association (CACDA), established in 2001, has become a lead organization (although with strong government endorsement and partial funding) that coordinates China’s emerging NGO arms-control research programmes. China’s acceptance of greater military transparency and the signing of the CTBT also demonstrate that its participation in multilateral security and arms control
Asia-Pacific arms control, shifts in threat perceptions may eventually lead China to appreciate the benefits of such endeavour. Certainly, some mechanisms to place Japan and, for that matter, India, and DPRK, under some regional arms control framework also would seem to serve China’s security interests (Johnston 1990: 195–8). Conclusions The records of Chinese multilateralist behaviour on the international stage are certainly mixed. From the above discussions one can detect at least three
Wang infrastructure and poor market mechanism in these economies. For that reason, member governments need more political will to take action to initiate and support some major projects and thereby to increase the member states’ stake of economic interdependence within the organization.55 The process of economic cooperation started with the first SCO prime ministers’ meeting in September 2001. That meeting was interrupted by the 9/11 terrorist attacks and no specifics about economic cooperation