China-US Relations Transformed: Perspectives and Strategic Interactions (Routledge Contemporary China)
China’s emergence in the 21st century to the status of great power has significant implications for its relationship with the United States, the sole superpower in the post-Cold War World. Now that China is rising as an economic, political, and military power and has expanded its diplomatic activism beyond Asia into Europe, Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East, its rise has profoundly transformed its relationship with the US and compelled leaders in both countries to redefine their positions toward each other. This book, written by leading scholars and policy analysts from both the US and China, explores the transformation and multifaceted nature of US-China relations, including how the political elite in both countries have defined their strategic objectives in response to China’s rise and managed their relations accordingly. It provides an up-to-date analysis on the policy adjustments of the last decade, and covers all the important issue areas such as security, nuclear deterrence, military modernization, energy, trade and economic interaction, and Asia-Pacific power reconfiguration. It does not seek to confirm either an alarmist or optimistic position but presents different views and assessments by foreign policy specialists with the hope that leaders in Washington and Beijing may make positive adjustments in their policies to avoid confrontation and war. It will also be an invaluable resource for students and scholars of US and Chinese politics, international relations and comparative politics.
was largely due to its strategy of confrontation with the U.S.A. in a competition for the position of world superpower that exhausted its economic and military capacity. As a Chinese scholar suggested, as one of the weaker poles in the multipolar world, China should not become the second “Mr. No” after the former Soviet Union to confront the U.S.A. and exhaust itself. Instead, China should defend its national interest by conducting a shrewd diplomacy, which “requires rationality and calmness.”26
China should be labeled as a strategic competitor to the U.S.A. Bush lashed out at an alleged Clinton administration’s preference for dealing with China than with Japan, the most important ally of the U.S.A. in Asia, claiming that such a practice compromised American security interests in Asia. He also announced that the policy of strategic ambiguity with regard to Taiwan was out of date. If he were elected, he would clarify the policy so that the U.S.A. would be more effective in helping Taiwan
Sino-U.S. military exchange in turn aggravates the strategic suspicion and the instability underlying all relations. The absence of strategic confidence is also the fundamental reason behind the crises arising between China and the U.S.A. For instance, the deep-rooted suspicion between Beijing and Washington (particularly Beijing’s doubts regarding Washington’s intentions) has made crisis management of events such as the 1999 bombing of China’s Embassy in Belgrade and the 2001 mid-air collision
On the other hand, neither can the domestic law be separated from international law, because the latter provides a key to and a complete specification of the scope of force for the former concerning the factors of subject, territory, and time. Without international law, the concept of state and that of sovereignty would be beyond understanding. Such interdependent correlations between domestic and international laws reveals that the two are an organic unity and that any attempt to negate
and wish from different angles to see the improvement in the system. For China, the emphasis of improvement should be in favor of promoting the interests of developing and poor countries. In contrast, the U.S.A. is in search of more privileges for its sole superpower status. Does this difference matter for bilateral relations? Maybe “yes” in some concrete issues. Would this difference lead to a strategic confrontation between China and the U.S.A.? The answer is “no,” because the increasing