Experiencing Animal Minds: An Anthology of Human-Animal Encounters
In these multidisciplinary essays, academic scholars and animal experts explore the nature of animal minds and the methods humans conventionally and unconventionally use to understand them. The collection features chapters by scholars working in psychology, sociology, history, philosophy, literary studies, and art as well as chapters by or about people who live or work with animals, including the founder of a sanctuary for chickens, a fur trapper, a popular canine psychologist, a horse trainer, and an art photographer who captures everyday contact between humans and their animal companions.
Divided into five sections, the collection first considers the ways that humans live with animals and the influence of cohabitation on their perceptions of animals' minds. It follows with an examination of anthropomorphism as both a guide and hindrance to mapping animal consciousness. Chapters in the next section examine the effects of embodiment on animals' minds and the role of animal-human inter-embodiment on humans' understandings of animals' minds. Final sections identify historical representations of difference between human and animal consciousness and their relevance to pre-established cultural attitudes, as well as the ways that representations of animals' minds target particular audiences and sometimes produce problematic outcomes. The editors conclude with a discussion of the relationship between the book's chapters and two pressing themes: the relationship of human beliefs about animals' minds on human ethical behavior and the challenges and conditions for knowing the minds of animals. By inviting readers to compare and contrast multiple, uncommon points of view, this collection offers a unique encounter with the diverse minds and theories now shaping animal studies.
96). Although Perricone’s research deals with the tactile qualities of artwork and not with the ways that humans come to know animals through touch or photographs of touch, his article pulls together important ideas for understanding the ways that physical contact conveys meaning to viewers of contemporary photography. For social mammals like humans and domesticated animals, social bonding, facilitated by mutual grooming (petting your cat, who then licks you), plays a crucial role in the
false, 266–69; see also attribution Bell, Catherine, 297 beluga whale, 129–30 Benjamin, Walter, 107 Bennett, Jonathan, 281 Berenson, Bernard, 34 Berger, John, 288 Berntson, Gary G., 98 Beuys, Joseph, 297 Beware of Dog (photography) 34–39 bicultural, 104 Big Love (television series), 89 bird, 55, 81, 98, 116, 171, 186, 189, 205, 211, 223, 247, 252, 255, 295, 297, 343, 349; see also particular birds bison, 56 Bloom, Paul, 84 Bob, Clifford, 318 Boddice, Rob, 3, 351, 352 Body without
quite distinguishable from the mere promptings of instinct.” Watson pointed out “how dogs distinguish themselves by their general sagacity and perception of things,” and he paid attention “to the exhibitions of sagacity and artfulness in monkeys and rats, cats and foxes” (p. 459). “With all these particulars before us,” Watson (p. 460) said, “may we not say of many of the animals of the present day, as Milton made the angel say of those in Paradise, They also know And reason not contemptibly?”
family and social units with complex statuses and roles, where young are taught appropriate norms of social interactions (Boyd and Keiper 2005:55–56; Fey 2005:83; Morris 1988:49; Sigurjónsdóttir, Dierendock, and Thórhallsdóttir 2002). Like humans (Schutz 1966), horses are driven to participate within groups by inherent needs for control, inclusion, and affection (Godfrey 1979:4–8; Morris 1988:54). Social hierarchy is an overestimated factor in equine social relations because within horse society,
intelligence approaches the nearest to man” (p. 244). Given what we know about the elephants, the question of their intelligence and cognition in comparison to humans and great apes turns out to be very complex. In some respects their cognitive performance falls quite short of large-brained primates or even some smart birds. But in other respects, such as detailed, very long-term memory, their mental performance is arguably beyond that of humans. This paradox in understanding the elephant mind