Running a Small Flock of Sheep
David G Hinton
Running a Small Flock of Sheep uses a step-by-step approach and has been written for small-scale sheep farmers and inexperienced people considering a rural life-style change. It will prepare the reader for each procedure and event on a sheep farm.
The book begins with an introduction to the basic principles and procedures of sheep farming and the economics and required farm infrastructure for different sheep enterprises. There are chapters on handling techniques, the obligations of owners, and laws and regulations covering the welfare of sheep. The remainder of the text deals with sheep husbandry including health and nutrition, condition scoring, breeding, lamb care and weaner management. There are separate chapters on wool production and prime lamb production. The final chapter covers the diagnosis, control and prevention of sheep diseases.
This reliable and understandable guide provides all the information anyone needs to make the right choices in successfully managing a small flock of sheep, whether you're running a single pet or several hundred sheep for prime lamb, wool or dual purpose.
inadequate, start feeding when pastures dry off and keep it up until about a month after the autumn break or during winter. Fat scoring a sample is the best guide to beginning and ending supplementary feeding. Regular weighing of a sample group can also be a good indicator. Allow plenty of time for all weaners to become accustomed to feed supplements. If training is more urgent, put some adult sheep that have previously been hand fed in with the weaners until they learn the routine. Start feeding
Rotational grazing. Sheep are systematically rotated around several paddocks. The move intervals are dependent on fixed times or pasture regrowth. Sappy lamb. Well-finished prime lame. Scour(s). A term used for diarrhoea. G l os sar i es 169 Second-cross lambs. Lambs from first-cross ewes mated to a purebred ram. Selective grazing. Stock preference for some pasture plants, species or parts of plants above others. Set stocking. A set or fixed number of animals graze a paddock for an indefinite
fibre diameter. Noil. Short and tender fibres extracted from the long fibres during the combing process. Pieces. Wool removed from the fleece during skirting. Plain. Straight fibred wool, lacking crimp. Quality number. A number indicating the fineness of wool, visually assessed by the crimp rate. Staple. A natural group of wool fibres in a fleece. Suint. Dried perspiration in wool. Tender wool. Will not stand the normal pressure applied during combing. Top. A continuous ribbon of combed fibre,
nutritional diseases 159– 160 obligations, laws and regulations 43–44 occupational health and safety 41, 46 orphan lambs 101–102 ‘over-the-hooks’ 57, 124, 125, 139 ovine interdigital dermatitis 158 Ovine Johne’s Disease (OJD) 92, 105, 161–162 Ovine Johne’s Disease ‘Market Assurance Program’ (OJD MAP) 92, 141 owner responsibilities 41, 43–48 paddocks 33–34 179 parasites 66–68, 89, 109, 145–155 pasture assessment 73–74 pasture benchmarks 75 pasture management 63, 71–77, 147 pasture requirements
surplus or have faults; mutton is mostly used for processing. Live sheep export Export of live sheep for meat purposes has a significant influence on the sheep industry. Wethers of various ages and higher weights make up the majority of live sheep exported, but some lambs, ram lambs and rams are also sold to the exporters. Specific market 6 R unning a S ma ll F lo c k o f S he e p demands for particular types of sheep also create niche marketing opportunities, such as with ‘fat tailed’ lambs