Zumwalt: The Life and Times of Admiral Elmo Russell "Bud" Zumwalt, Jr.
“Painstakingly researched and crafted, Larry Berman’s Zumwalt is a compelling and rich portrait of one of the nation’s great patriots.”
—Walter Anderson, former editor and CEO of Parade
Zumwalt is a compelling portrait of the controversial military man who is widely regarded as the founder of the modern U.S. Navy, Admiral Elmo Russell “Bud” Zumwalt. Chief of Naval Operations during the decades-long Cold War crisis, Zumwalt implemented major strategic innovations that endure to this day, especially in his campaign against racism and sexism throughout the fleet. Larry Berman, the author of Perfect Spy, offers a fascinating, detailed look at an extraordinary man—winner of the Presidential Medal of Freedom—an inspiring portrait of leadership that is essential in these troubled times.
checks it out with his deputies and they sit around and chew the fat [until] the CNO says, ‘Well, I don’t give a damn how you feel about it, but this is the way I am going to go.’ And he does it and the guys try to back him to the fullest. [I believe] some of the things the CNO felt strongly about had never been tried on some of these deputies before they heard, ‘here comes a program.’ The automatic thing was to resent that.”67 In January 1971, Bud established the ad hoc CNO Advisory Committee
importance to the long-term security interests of the United States than SALT. As CNO he reminded the president that he had a statutory responsibility as his naval advisor “to provide you with my military judgment on the current state of the SALT.” SALT I had shifted the strategic balance to the disadvantage of the United States rather than equivalence in strategic capabilities. “The reasonable conclusion to be drawn from the Soviets’ behavior thus far is that they are not now disposed to
Later”; Sands, On His Watch. 70. In “Project 60: Twelve Years Later,” David Alan Rosenberg identified the accomplishments of Project 60: Explicit missions and rationale for justifying the navy were developed, which served as an overarching philosophy for the navy. Nuclear attack submarines were employed for the first time as carrier battle-group escorts. Minesweeping helicopters were developed; the first RH-53Ds entered service in 1973. PGs (patrol gunboats) were assigned to the
military victory in Vietnam. It was not long before Zumwalt’s boss, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Thomas Moorer, came to resent his subordinate’s access to this information. Moorer decided to ship Zumwalt out of town; the farthest place he could find was Vietnam. Moorer saw it as win-win: he would break the Nitze-Zumwalt axis, and no one would ever hear of Bud Zumwalt again. Bud was expected to be in Vietnam by September 1968, two months before the American presidential election. Believing
respect to the U.S.-Soviet maritime balance, strategic arms limitation, naval modernization, and a number of other matters that most people would agree have more bearing on the fate of the nation than what a sailor wears to supper.”32 Bud understood that the navy had reached a point in its history where it could no longer drift with the tides and winds of change, totally oblivious to the needs of civilian society and the dignity of its personnel. In a March 1970 letter to the editor of Time